NKFIH K 119225 (2016-2020)
How can plant ecology support grassland restoration?
Project leader: Péter Török

Nowadays most of the remaining grasslands are degraded and their natural species-pool is depleted. The need to stop or slow down these processes has made research and practice related to habitat-restoration especially important. However, there is still a gap between the theory- and practice-driven approaches. During our research, we are looking to answer the question how theories of plant ecology can help to choose and apply cost-efficient grassland restoration methods.

 

NKFIH KH 129483 (2018-2020)
Effect of grazing on functional diversity of grasslands
Project leader:  Péter Török

Applying nature-friendly free grazing can be an effective tool for the sustainable use of the landscape and protecting biological diversity. In our research, we aim to answer how grazing with different intensity, also considering livestock type, affects the vegetation, species composition, soil parameters and the density and composition of soil seed banks in the studied grassland communities.

 

LP2017-22/2017 (2017-2022) Lendület II. project
New frontiers in restoration: Ecological theories provide strong support to develop and sustain green infrastructure
Project leader: Péter Török

For developing and sustaining green infrastructure the conservation and restoration of biodiversity in natural and traditionally managed habitats is crucial. Our ultimate goal was to develop and test ways to link biodiversity conservation, sustainable management and restoration in order to meet the major challenges related to land use, climate change adaptation and human well-being.

 

NKFIH KH 130320 (2018.12.01.-2020.12.31.)
Role of functional plant traits in grassland dynamics and restoration
Project leader: Edina Tóth

The main aim of the project was to examine the ecological processes of grasslands in Central and Eastern Europe and the related rules of community organization and association on a functional trait basis. The studies aimed to analyse the processes of plant propagation, seed bank formation and community resistance and resilience through the study of plant characteristics. Another important goal was to create an open-access plant trait database, which contains local measurement data for the fullest possible range of Hungarian flora species.

 

NKFIH FK 132142 (2019-2023)
Benthic algal composition-extreme climatic events’ relations in the Carpathian Basin
Project leader: Viktória B-Béres

In Hungary, extreme weather events resulted a perennial-intermittent shift in small watercourses. Benthic algae including diatoms play essential role in food web and energy transfer in these watercourses, and their assemblages indicate effectively the changes in environmental conditions. However, only a little information is available how drought and flash floods modify community structure and function in biofilm, especially in the continental region. Thus, the main aim of our project is to highlight the organizing force of extreme climatic events-induced changes in the water regime of streams to the compositional characteristics of benthic diatom assemblages, e.g: diversity, succession, spatial dispersal, both at species and trait level.

 

NKFIH PD 132131 (2019-2022)
Novel aspects of the ecosystem engineering effects of woody plants
Project leader: Csaba Tölgyesi

The research focuses on two aspects of the ecology and conservation of woody-grassy habitat mosaics: (i) Using grazing exclosures, we study the effects of solitary mature trees on the biomass production, functional composition and species diversity of the herb layer and on soil properties including water balance, carbon sequestration and seed bank. (ii) We also study the regional hydrological effects of natural woody and grassy communities and tree plantations in forest-steppe ecosystems.